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Citadel of Sidon Today
Citadel of Sidon - As It Appeared on Year 1810. It was built by the Crusadors in the early 13th century.  
Painting Of The Citadel of Sidon  



Sidon - The Great Mosque

The Great Mosque

Formerly the Church of St. John of the Hospitalers. The four walls of this rectangular building date to the 13th century. Originally fortress-like Crusader compound with its own chapel, it is still an imposing structure, especially viewed from the seaside.





Sidon Overview

Altitude: 10m
Distance from Beirut: 43km

Getting to Sidon

From Beirut, take Khalde Highway South passing through Khalde, Damour, Naame, Saadiat, along the beautiful coast of the Mediterranean sea.

Sidon Profile

Citadel of Sidon

Geography and Climate

Sidon is a small and beautiful town on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is located at the meeting point of three continents and, as such, has been the crossroads of many civilizations whose traces may still be seen today. 

SIDON (SAIDA) is said to mean "fishing", and even today fishermen moor their boats in the small picturesque port. Sidon was the third great Phoenician city-state, rivaling Byblos and Tyre as a naval power. In Darius' time, towards the end of the 6th century B.C., it was the capital of the fifth Persian satrapy and a showplace of buildings and gardens. The town was conquered by the Crusaders after a famous siege lasting 47 days, then retaken by Saladin 70 years later.
Sidon is known as the capital of the South. It is surrounded by beautiful orchards of oranges, lemon, banana and loquat trees. The city's northern harbour is graced by Castle of the Sea, erected in the early 13th Century by the crusading Knights of St. John of the Hospital of Jerusalem on an islet at the mouth of the harbour.

The shell of the Castle of St. Louis sits atop the Phoenician acropolis near Murex Hill, so named after the Murex shell from which the famous Phoenician purple dye was extracted. In the old town more recent buildings worth a visit are Khan as-Sabun, Khan el-Franj and the Great Mosque above the Egyptian Harbour which still retains the 13th Century walls of the fortress Church of the Hospitallers of St. John.

Sidon unparalleled natural splendor is enhanced by Lebanon's moderate, Mediterranean climate. Lebanon enjoys about 300 days per year of sunshine. The winter is mild on the coast and snowy in the mountains, while the summer is hot on the coast and mild on the mountains. It is possible during the spring months to ski in the mountains and swim on the coast in the same day!


Average Temperatures for Sidon in Centigrade

January 13 
February 14
March 16
April 18
May 22
June 25
July 27
August 28
September 26
October 24
November 19
December 16


As the region's center of trade and business, Sidon is a host to several foreign companies. Lebanon offers one of the most liberal investment climates in the Middle East. The government offers incentives to attract foreign and domestic investment, including low income tax rates for individuals and corporations.

For more information on trade, business, economy, or investment in Lebanon, check these links The Ministry of Economy and Trade, The Investment and Development Authority in Lebanon, or The Ministry of Finance.


At the outset of the 19th century, professors, poets, journalists, and historians convened in Sidon cultural institutions to revive old Arab traditions and extol the value of modern culture. Sidon’s seven major universities and numerous specialized colleges were thus founded. 

Because Lebanon is a country where three languages are commonly spoken, Sidon has schools that teach in Arabic, French, and English. Sidon provides a wide variety of schools from which parents can choose, depending on which language of instruction they prefer.

Click here for a listing of Universities in Lebanon

Information From the Ministry of Tourism

Lebanese Ministry of Tourism

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