Distance from Beirut: 43km
From Beirut, take Khalde Highway South passing through
Khalde, Damour, Naame, Saadiat, along the beautiful coast of the Mediterranean sea.
is a small and beautiful town on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is located at the meeting point of three continents and, as such, has been the crossroads of many civilizations whose traces may still be seen today.
SIDON (SAIDA) is said to mean "fishing", and even today fishermen moor their boats in the small picturesque port. Sidon was the third great Phoenician city-state, rivaling Byblos and Tyre as a naval power. In Darius' time, towards the end of the 6th century B.C., it was the capital of the fifth Persian satrapy and a showplace of buildings and gardens. The town was conquered by the Crusaders after a famous siege lasting 47 days, then retaken by Saladin 70 years later.
Sidon is known as the capital of the South. It is surrounded by beautiful orchards of oranges, lemon, banana and loquat trees. The city's northern harbour is graced by Castle of the Sea, erected in the early 13th Century by the crusading Knights of St. John of the Hospital of Jerusalem on an islet at the mouth of the harbour.
The shell of the Castle of St. Louis sits atop the Phoenician acropolis near Murex Hill, so named after the Murex shell from which the famous Phoenician purple dye was extracted. In the old town more recent buildings worth a visit are Khan as-Sabun, Khan el-Franj and the Great Mosque above the Egyptian Harbour which still retains the 13th Century walls of the fortress Church of the Hospitallers of St. John.
unparalleled natural splendor is enhanced by Lebanon's moderate, Mediterranean climate.
Lebanon enjoys about 300 days per year of sunshine.
The winter is mild on the coast and snowy in the mountains, while the summer
is hot on the coast and mild on the mountains. It is possible during the spring
months to ski in the mountains and swim on the coast in the same day!
Average Temperatures for
Sidon in Centigrade
As the region's center of trade and business,
Sidon is a host to several foreign companies. Lebanon offers one of the most liberal investment climates in the Middle East. The government offers incentives to attract foreign and domestic investment, including low income tax rates for individuals and corporations.
At the outset of the 19th century, professors, poets, journalists, and historians convened in
Sidon cultural institutions to revive old Arab traditions and extol the value of modern culture.
Sidons seven major universities and numerous specialized colleges were thus founded.
Because Lebanon is a country where three languages are commonly spoken,
Sidon has schools that teach in Arabic, French, and English.
Sidon provides a wide variety of schools from which parents can choose, depending on which language of instruction they prefer.
Click here for a listing of Universities in Lebanon
From the Ministry of Tourism